"And Yaakov was cooking stew" (Breishit 25:29) - Rebbi Ba in the name of Rebbi Acha said: The nature of the world never changes. Come and see what is written, "And Yaakov was cooking stew", like you see written אשר זדו עליהם (Shemot 18:12), and the translation is that they thought, that is to say the heart thought and the considered Torah and the knowing of its Creator, what is written "and Esav came from the field and he is tired", the liver whose way it is to go out and hunt and his prey is in his mouth and he swallows, and he doesn't find, is called tired, and he says to the heart, until you think words, these are words of Torah, think of eating and drinking to sustain your body. That is what is written "And Esav said to Yaakov, pour me please from that red stuff", for it is my way to swallow the blow, and to destroy the rest of the limbs, for I am tired without eating and drinking, and the heart says give me the first and choicest of all that you swallow, give me your birthright, that is what is said "sell me today your birthright", ( קונמיתא דתאיבא), until the heart considers and thinks of food, swallows the liver, for if it weren't for the desire and the thought of the heart for food, the liver and the limbs couldn't swallow, as Rebbi Yose said, thus is the way of servants that they don't eat until the master eats. Rebbi Yose said, it is written afterwards "And Yaakov gave to Esav bread and lentil stew", what are these lentils that roll like a sphere, and a sphere surrounds the world, that is to say it doesn't change its path, thus is humankind at that time, inspite of all the good and honor and completeness that will be, the way of the world to eat and drink will not change.
Mishnah - It is taught - Four winds/spirits go throughout the world, and in the future HaKadosh Baruch Hu will arouse 1 wind/spirit to sustain the body, which will contain 4 winds/spirits. That is what is written "From four winds/spirits come, oh wind/spirit." (Yehezkel 37:9) "In four" is not written, but rather from the 4 winds/spirits of the world, that it will include them all. And it is taught that this spirit is the spirit of childbearing (המוליד), the spirit that eats and drinks, and
There is no difference between this world and the Days of Moshiach except the servitude of the nations alone, and there is no difference between this world and the Resurrection of the Dead except cleanliness and achievement of knowledge.
Rav Nachman says, also length of life. Rav Yosef said, is not the Days of Moshiach and Resurrection of the Dead the same thing (same period of time)? He said to him, no. As it is taught: Beit HaMikdash is before Kibbutz Galuyot, Kibbutz Galuyot preceeds Resurrection of the Dead, and Resurrection of the Dead is last of them all. From where do we get this? "Builder of Yerushalayim Hashem, dispersed of Yisrael He will gather, the Healer of broken hearts, and bind their wounds" (Tehillim 147:2). That is Resurrection of the Dead which is healing for the broken of heart on their dead, and the building of Yerushalayim is first, and afterwards the dispersed of Yisrael He will gather, and the Healer of the broken of heart last of them all. It is taught: Kibbutz Galuyot precedes the Resurrection of the Dead by 40 years, as we say "And Yitzchak was 40 years old", what do we do with this 40 years? Rav Kahana said in the name of Rebbe Broka, from Kibbutz Galuyot to Resurrection of the Dead many troubles and wars will be aroused on Yisrael, and happy is he who escapes them, as it is written"And at that time your nation will escape, all written in the book" (Daniel 12:1). Rebbe Yehudah says from here: "Many will be clarified and whitened and purified". Rebbe Yitzchak says from here "And I will purify them like the purifying of silver, I will examine them like the examining of gold" (Zechariah 13:9), and in those days, there will be days that they will say I don't want them, and from the hour that these troubles will pass until Resurrection of the Dead is 40 years. Rav Huna said, come and see, for 40 years Bnei Yisrael went in the desert, etc, that they didn't listen to the voice of Hashem, and like that here. Rav Yosef said all this that they said is the same thing, that at the end of the 40 years that the troubles pass and the wicked are finished, the dead will live, those that lie in the dust, what is the reason? For it is written "Trouble will not arise twice" (Nachum 1:9), and it is enough what they experienced already. And from the time of Resurrection of the Dead, the world will be settled properly, that is what is written "And on that day Hashem will be One and His Name One."
Rebbe Elazar ben Arach was sitting, and was very sad, Rebbe Yehoshua came in front of him, and he said behold the light of the lamp of the world, why is it so dark, he said to him: I saw it and great fear came upon me, that I see what will come upon our friends, the masters of the Mishnah, that the Ruach haKodesh rests upon them, and this that will awaken in the 6th millenium will be a great redemption, but I see the extra length for those that have already passed, for in the 6th millenium, at the time of 408 years from it, all the dead will rise before them, and because of this, the masters of the Mishnah have said to them "B'nei Chet" (from Parshat Chayei Sarah), Chet that will awake to/for 408 years, which is what is written (Vayikra 25:13) In this (HaZot, gematria 408) Yovel Year, you will return, every man to his portion. When "this" will be completed, which is 5408, you will return, every man to his portion, to his soul which is his portion and inheritance.
Rebbi Yehoshua said: But don't let it trouble you, for we have learned there are 3 groups, the completely righteous, the completely wicked, and those in the middle. The completely righteous will be among the dead of Eretz Yisrael.
From that time, how many years do they precede [the others] in the beginning of year forty of Kibbutz Galuyot? All of the others [rise] at 408 years in the sixth millennium, as we use the term. Who will merit such length; who will maintain his faith for such a period? That is why I suffered in my soul.
Rebbi Yehoshua said to him: Consider the teaching “let their be light” equals [in gematria] “let there be secret”. [Rebbi Elazar] resumed, saying: With repentance everything will be sooner. Said rabbi Yehoshua: If you would not say this, the mouths of those who expect redemption every day would be silenced. As it says (Yeshayahu 33): “a store of redemptions”. What are these redemptions? Those who expect redemption every day.
What is the opinion of Rebbi Elazar? That what is written (Daniel 12): “and many of who sleep in the dust will wake up” refers to those who are given priority in their resurrection. And how many years are they given priority? Rabbi Yehuda said: 210 years. Rebbi Yitzchak said: 214 years, as it is written (Bamidbar 24) “from Yaakov will come down,” etc. The Tsadikim will precede all other people 214 [gematria of “will come down”] years. Rebbi Nachman said: According to the time that was spent in the dust. Rebbi Yosi replied: If that would be so there would be many resurrections. However, all resurrections will be at the same time, and that is what was said (Daniel 10) in the vision: “And the word is true and applies to the far future.”